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Schamberg's Disease - Symptoms & Treatment


Schamberg's disease, or progressive pigmented purpuric dermatitis, is a chronic discoloration of the skin which usually affects the legs and often spreads slowly. It is one type of purpura, a purplish discoloration of the skin caused by blood leaking from small vessels near the skin surface. It is a capillarits of unknown etiology characterized by orange to fawn-colored macules and plaques usually localized to the lower limbs. It is most commonly seen in the late teens and early 20s, although has been diagnosed in children as young as 3. It is more common in males than females. People who develop Schamberg's disease have leaky blood vessel walls which allow red blood cells to slip through into the skin. The red cells in the skin then fall apart and release their iron which has a rust color. Schamberg's Disease starts off by affecting the legs and often spreads from there. However, it may occur anywhere on the body, including the hands. People who develop Schamberg's disease have leaky blood vessel walls which allow red blood cells to slip through into the skin. This disease shows no symptoms of its cccurance except some people who may have mild itching and discomfort. It rarely needs any treatment.

Causes of Schamberg disease

The common causes and risk factor's of Schamberg disease include the following:

  • The exact cause of Schamberg's disorder isn't known.
  • A viral infection or allergic reaction.
  • It is common in those people who have leaky blood vessel walls.
  • Some forms of the schamberg disease are associated with the ingestion of certain drugs e.g. aspirin and thiamine.

Symptoms of Schamberg disease

Some sign and symptoms related to Schamberg disease are as follows:

  • Irregular patches of orange or brown pigmentation.
  • The lesions are most frequent on the lower limbs, but may occur anywhere on the body, including the hands.
  • The lesions vary in number.
  • Mild itching and discomfort in some cases.
  • In some rare instances, a person may experience some pain.

Treatment of Schamberg disease

Here is list of the methods for treating Schamberg disease:

  • There is no permanent cure for Schamberg's disease; however, for controlling itching cortisone cream can be used.
  • In some cases, taking vitamins such as Vitamin C has also been found to help some individuals.
  • Some laser treatments are being considered but none of them can be considered as a definite part of the treatment of the disease.

 

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