Listeriosis - Symptoms & Treatment
Listeriosis is a bacterial infection caused by Listeria monocytogenes. Listeria may infect many different sites, such as the brain or spinal cord membranes or the bloodstream. Listeria bacteria can be transmitted through soil and water. A person can also ingest listeria by eating certain foods, such as deli meats and cold cuts, soft-ripened cheese, milk, undercooked chicken, uncooked hot dogs, shellfish, and coleslaw made from contaminated cabbage. Listeria infections may create symptoms such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, difficulty breathing, and poor feeding. Pregnant women who develop listeriosis may experience only mild flu-like symptoms, although they are at risk for premature delivery, miscarriage, and stillbirth. the disease may take many forms depending on what organ or organ systems are infected.
Listeria monocytogenes is found in soil and water. Vegetables can become contaminated from the soil or from manure used as fertilizer. Animals can carry the bacteria without appearing ill and meat or dairy products from these animals can be contaminated. It may occur as meningitis, pneumonia , septicemia, and endocarditis or in milder form as abscesses , skin lesion , and conjunctivitis. Listeria infections may create symptoms such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, difficulty breathing, and poor feeding. Pregnant women who develop listeriosis may experience only mild flu-like symptoms, although they are at risk for premature delivery, miscarriage, and stillbirth.
Causes of Leprosy
Common causes of Leprosy
- Bacteria(Listeria monocytogenes)
- Distributed or unpasteurized milk.
- Contaminated vegetables.
Symptoms of Leprosy
Common Symptoms of Leprosy
- Stiff neck.
- Loss of balance.
- Loss of appetite.
- Skin rash.
Treatment of Leprosy
Common Treatment of Leprosy
- Always cook food (especially meat and eggs) thoroughly to the proper internal temperature.
- Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating.
- Only drink pasteurized milk, and make sure that milk is refrigerated at the appropriate temperature.
- Avoid foods made from unpasteurized milk.
- If you're in a high-risk group, avoid soft cheeses such as feta, Brie, Camembert, blue-veined and Mexican-style cheeses unless they have labels that clearly state they are made from pasteurized milk.
- Reheat precooked, prepackaged foods - such as deli meats or hot dogs - to steamin.
- Avoid consumption of raw milk or raw milk products.
- Wash hands, knives, and cutting boards after handling uncooked foods.
- Do not eat refrigerated smoked seafood unless it is an ingredient in a cooked dish such as a casserole.
- Use all perishable items that are precooked or ready-to-eat as soon as possible.
- Do not eat hot dogs, luncheon meats, or deli meats unless they are reheated until steaming hot.
- Avoid eating salads made in a store, such as ham, chicken, egg, tuna, or seafood salads.