Campylobacteriosis - Symptoms & Treatment
Campylobacteriosis is a bacterial infection that affects the intestinal tract and rarely the bloodstream. It is the most commonly reported cause of bacterial diarrhea in Wisconsin. It is responsible for proctocolitis in participants of anoreceptive intercourse, bacteremia in AIDS patients and other immunocompromised patients, and travelers' diarrhea . Most people who become ill with campylobacteriosis get diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever within 2 to 5 days after exposure to the organism. The illness typically lasts 1 week. Some persons who are infected with Campylobacter don't have any symptoms at all. The diarrhea may be bloody and can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. CDC estimates 76 million people suffer foodborne illnesses each year in the United States, accounting for 325,000 hospitalizations and more than 5,000 deaths. Natural and manufactured chemicals in food products also can make people sick. Some diseases are caused by toxins (poisons) from the disease-causing microbe (germ), others by the human body's reactions to the microbe itself. These bacteria are fairly widespread, occurring in humans and animals, skin, soil, and water. They can live in any setting that provides nutrients, moisture, oxygen at room temperature. Chickens are the most common source of human infection. It is estimated that 1% of the general population is infected each year.
Causes of Campylobacteriosis
The common Causes of Campylobacteriosis :
- Campylobacter bacteria cause an infectious disease commonly known as Campylobacteriosis.
- Infection with these bacteria is one of the most common causes of human bacterial Campylobacteriosis.
- Almost all cases occur as isolated, random events, not as a part of huge outbreaks.
- Campylobacteriosis occurs more frequently in the summer months than in the winter.
- Jjuni blossoms and breeds where there is less than the atmospheric amount of oxygen
- Campylobacteriosis is mainly caused by Campylobacter jejuni.
Symptoms of Campylobacteriosis
Some Symptoms of Campylobacteriosis :
- Stomach cramps
- Convulsions (in severe cases)
- Bloody diarrhea
- Abdominal pain
Treatment of Campylobacteriosis
- Usually all persons infected with Campylobaeter recover without any specific treatment.
- Sometimes an antibiotic is prescribed in severe cases of illness. Patients should drink plenty of fluids as long as the diarrhea lasts. Antibiotics are occasionally used to treat severe cases or to shorten the carrier phase, which may be important for food handlers, children in day care, and health care workers.
- The disease can be diagnosed from a stool sample.
- Some people need extra fluids to prevent dehydration (drying up of bodily fluids).
- Most people recover without treatment. If the infection is severe or prolonged, erythromycin may be prescribed.
- Mild symptoms can be treated by drinking lots of fluids and bed rest .