Wordpress Themes

Anti-Aging Favorites for Men

Looking young and maintaining youth is equally desirable to both males and females and there is no stigma attached to men who pursue youth as being less masculine. From the past several years, female population is the most popular topic of concern in the skin care industry. In the present world, more and more men are experiencing the stress to appear younger and better. Man skin care routine is a lot different from women’s. Man’s skin is thicker and oilier, and every day it gets scraped and tugged by shaving, so it has very distinct needs. The men are using various anti-aging skin care products.

They created by Polo, Logistics, Clarins, Nivea, Bulgari, Aveda and Neutrogena in large numbers. Certain companies that are the anti-aging favorites for men and they include companies like Aveda, Polo, Nivea and Neutrogena. These companies that make special products for men have noticed that these products are selling good and that is why they are expanded the product lineup. At first many companies were skeptical and started by just mixing in a product or two into the regular line-up of supplies. Men did not buy cosmetic products earlier because of feeling extremely uncomfortable purchasing items from the “women’s section” of the store.

Now men have increasingly started to worry about aging and the signs of aging, and so the products that were available very quickly turned into anti-aging favorites for men.Most of the men are also pursuing various plastic surgery methods for reducing their anti-aging problems. More and more male populations have been seen to have the treatment of anti-aging . Some of the men pursue special treatments for anti-aging provided at salons and spas like facials, scrubs and different treatments. There are many products favorites for men include anti-aging facial moisturizers (both day and night creams) and clarifying scrubs.

Many of the anti-aging favorites for men such as Nivea or Polo even have complete lines of products that are for men only, and they are not only for anti-aging but also for other things, such as deodorants or body lotion. Anti-aging and skin care companies have responded to the demand for men`s products by creating new products as men become more willing to consider purchasing additional skin care such as toners and moisturizers. These companies have further encouraged men to join the fight against aging by setting up counters in department stores that are exclusively for men`s skin care and anti-aging.

Diabetes and Your Skin

Diabetes is a metabolism diseases. Diabetes is a set of associated diseases in which the body cannot control the quantity of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Diabetes is a chronic medical ailment, meaning that though it can be controlled, it lasts a lifetime. Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not makes or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone which is required to transmute sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, however both genetics and environmental factors such as oleaginous and lack of exercise appear to play roles.

Diabetes can cause many complications. Serious long-term complications involve cardiovascular disease (doubled risk), chronic renal failure (diabetic nephropathy is the main reason of dialysis in developed world adults), retinal damage , nerve damage (of several kinds), and micro-vascular damage that can cause erectile dysfunction (impotence) and slow healing.

Three general types of diabetes are type 1 diabetes ,type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes mellitus obscure as insulin-contingent diabetes (IDDM), childhood (period of being young ) diabetes or also known as juvenile diabetes. It is identified by loss of the insulin-producing beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas leading to a deficiency of insulin. Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. In type 2 diabetes, patients can still make insulin, but do so relatively inadequately for their body’s needs, specifically in the face of insulin resistance as discussed above.

Third types of diabetes gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes develops only during pregnancy. Between 5.5 to 8.8% of pregnant women have GDM in Australia. Women who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of having type 2 diabetes later on.

Diabetes can adverse every part of your body, including your skin. Diabetes, dry skin and other skin conditions are interlinked. Dry skin can become itchy, and scratching it can cause an infection or injury. It is estimated that more than 75 percent of diabetes patients will grieve from a skin condition. In summation to dry skin, there are many other forms of skin conditions that can affect people with diabetes.

Bullosis diabeticorum is identified by small, ruptured blisters beneath the skin of a diabetic patient. The blisters are usually painless and heal on their own. They are caused by unregualted glucose levels.

Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum is dull, brown sores which may rupture and peel. This condition is caused by changes in skin cells because of deficit of circulation and is more common in Type 1 diabetes than Type 2 diabetes. Several kinds of bacterial infections occur in people having diabetes. One common are styes. These are infections of the glands of the eyelid. Carbuncles are deep infections of the skin and the tissue beneath. Infections can also occur around the nails.

Erythema Multiforme

Erythema Multiforme Alternative names Stevens-Johnson syndrome and also Toxic epidermal necrolysis. Erythema multiforme is a skin problem causng from an allergic reaction. Raised skin that usually appears like targets and are distributed in equal over the body. EM can introduce within a wide spectrum of severity. EM minor illustrates a localized eruption of the skin with mild or no mucosal participation, corresponding to the starting description of von Hebra. EM major and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) are more harsh mucosal and skin diseases and are eventually life-threatening disorders.

Erythema multiforme is a short-lasting skin disorder which happens as a reaction to an infection or medication. Erythema multiforme mostly attacks young adults but may occur in children or older people. Erythema multiforme chiefly affects to palms, soles, and back of the hands. Sometimes it can expand in to trunk, face, and mouth or in few cases it may visible only in mouth. In some patient spots may occurs in both skin and lips. It also known as Stevens-Johnson syndrome. It relates with fever, muscle aches, and not feeling well. Erythemam multiforme may occurs in any age but mainly children faces it. It effect a characteristic outbreak and usually lesions in the mouth and in another place. It is sometimes called erythema multiforme minor to differentiate it from a related but more severe situation.

Erythema multiforme should be distinguished from urticaria , from which target-shaped blister can arise. However personal urticarial plaques never form lesions, and resolve in 24 hours. Prodromal symptoms are soft or absent in EM minor and can now as a mild nonspecific upper respiratory infection. The hurried onset of a rash normally occurs within 3 days, starting on the extremities balanced with centripetal spreading. Few of the skin patches resembles like a target, i.e. three rings of red, white and pink. Usually the centre of the patch forms a fluid-filled lesion that crusts over within some days.Often, the rash is companies by sores and blisters on the lips. Erythema multiforme follows in irritable round skin blisters mainly on the forearms, hands and less usual, knees and feet. Few or hundreds of blisters appear over 2 to 3 days. Few lesions inclinates scratched or injured skin.

Causes of Erythema Multiforme

Common causes of Erythema Multiforme

  • Allergic reactions(viral, bacterial)
  • Fungal infections
  • Sensitivity to food or drugs.
  • Immunizations.
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia.
  • Cold sores.
  • Herpes of the genitals.
  • Postvaccination( Vaccinia).
  • Malignancy.
  • Hormonal.
  • Collagen vascular disease.
  • Immunologic disorders.

Symptoms of Erythema Multiforme

Common Symptoms of Erythema Multiforme

  • Itching.
  • Fever.
  • General ill feeling.
  • Joint aches.
  • Blisters.
  • Vision abnormalities
  • Dry eyes.
  • Bloodshot eyes.
  • Eye pain.
  • Mouth sores.

Treatment of Erythema Multiforme

Common Treatment of Erythema Multiforme

  • Aggressive monitoring and replacement of fluids and electrolytes are of paramount importance.
  • Provide supportive respiratory care, including suctioning and postural drainage, as needed.
  • Administer empiric antibiotics if clinical evidence of secondary infection exists. Most authorities advise against routine use of prophylactic antibiotics.
  • Use analgesics as needed to control pain, which may be severe.
  • Avoid systemic corticosteroids in minor cases. In severe cases, their use is controversial because they do not improve prognosis and may increase risk of complications.
  • Intravenous Cytoxan , pooled gamma globulin or oral cyclosporin are dramatically helpful.
  • Electrolytes and nutritional support should be started as soon as possible.
  • Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)should be treated like a major burn, with aggressive fluid management, and careful combinations of fluid losses. Strict antisepsis is very important.

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

Dyshidrotic dermatitis ( pompholyx ) is a type of hand eczema which is more prevailing in women which starts on the sides of the fingers as itchy little bumps and then develops into a rash. Dyshidrotic Dermatitis involve genetic factors and stress. This condition have seceral names - dyshidrotic eczema, dyshidrotic dermatitis, and pompholyx. Word dyshidrotic is used because it is relaized that this situation is connected to sweat glands, but this association has not been proven and pompholyx comes from the Greek word for bubble, which factually describes this disorder. Dermatitis also develop Dyshidrotic Dermatitis. It is noticed that Dyshidrotic Dermatitis is just a form of atopic dermatitis on the feet and hand. Emotional stress does not cause it but can make the condition unfavourable.

Dyshidrotic dermatitis can be happened by quinoline, chromate, nickel, or neomycin. Rash of dyshidrotic dermatitis develops on the hands and feet. The majority of cases involve the palms and sides of the fingers, but the soles of the feet can also be involved. They appears like crops of clear, deep-seated, tapioca-like vesicles and are very itchy. The vesicles settle in 3 to 4 weeks and are substituted by 1- to 3-mm rings of scale. Few medical state hampers the risk of developing dyshidrotic dermatitis. A 43-year-old woman had asthma and lthen developed dyshidrotic dermatitis. One-third of the patients saw the dyshidrotic dermatitis on their hands clear after they received treatment for their athlete’s foot. Having an infection in another part of the body may affect the risk.

Causes of Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

Common causes of Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

  • Chromate.
  • Neomycin.
  • Quinoline.
  • Nnickel.
  • Genetic factors.
  • Stress.

Symptoms of Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

Common Symptoms of Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

  • Small blisters.
  • Burning or itching.
  • Inflamed skin (reddish and hot to the touch).
  • Cracking.
  • Sweat excessively.
  • Oozing blisters and crusts.
  • Nail changes(thicken and discolor).
  • Peeling.

Treatment of Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

Common Treatment of Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

  • Aluminum subacetate, or Burrow’s Solution, is a drying soak that can be used if the lesions ooze.
  • Large blisters can be drained by a health care provider.
  • Antibiotics may be needed if the skin is broken and infection is suspected.
  • High strength topical steroids are often used to control itching.
  • Many cases may be treated with oral methotrexate.
  • Aluminum chloride 20% (Drysol) may help in cases made worse by sweating.
  • Use only the prescribed medicines (ortisone ointments ) and lubricants such as Cutemol Emollient Cream .
  • Wear waterproof gloves while peeling and squeezing lemons, oranges, or grapefruit, peeling potatoes, and handling tomatoes.

Chloasma Treatment

In every case it is essential to evaluate if any of the known factors are responsible for chloasma and remove the effect of the same, as far as possible. Thus, patients having contraceptive pills should be advised to use alternative methods of contraception, while female patients who are pregnant or receiving honnonal therapy for the gynaecological disorder should be-instructed to wait and complete the pregnancy or the treatment of their disease. Patients with a history of hepatic damage should be evaluated and treated, wherever possible. Investigations may also be undertaken to see if there is any other factor responsible for chloasma. Removing the cause should help in checking the progression of the disease, while the already present pigmentation can be made to disappear by topical or systemic treatment.

Hydroquinone is one of the most frequently used remedies for reducing the dark colour of the skin. It reduces the rate of formation of the pigment, but in a solution or cream form, it is very unstable; it turns brown within a few days and becomes ineffective. It is therefore, necessary to use properly stabilised formulations only. The therapeutic concentration varies from 2 to 5 per cent, the latter concentration being obviously more effective. One or two applications a day are usually sufficient, though the number of applications per day can be increased if required. It is however, very important to massage the solution/ointment into the skin so that the drug reaches the place where the disease is. The action of hydro quinone is slow; it generally takes one to two months for the pigmentation to start fading. The treatment should be continued till the pigmentation has faded completely. Hydroquinone is a fairly safe drug, but some patients develop redness, itching and papulo-vesicular lesions in the areas where the drug is applied. Allergy to the drug can be confirmed by a patch test with hydro quinone. Patients allergic to hydro quinone have to be treated with alternative drugs.

Monobenzyl ether of hydroquinone is a compound similar to hydro quinone; it is used in the manufacture of rubber and has been found to produce de- pigmentation on the skin because it destroys the melanocytes. This chemical was used in the past for the treatment of hyperpigmentary disorders including chloasma, but was found to produce patchy areas of completely de-pigmented skin. The end result therefore, was much worse than the original disease. This drug therefore has been banned from use for this purpose, but inadvertent use by unscrupulous practitioners or patients under some camouflaged names may lead to a serious result.

Retinoic acid in the form of 0.025 to 0.05 per cent ointment is another drug which can be used for reducing the colour of the skin. This agent acts by producing increased exfoliation of the skin which leads to a decrease in pigmentation. If however, applied in an excessive quantity, retinoic acid can produce severe inflammation in the skin leading to redness, exfoliation and burning sensation. This reaction is directly proportional to the amount of the ointment applied and is more severe and more frequent over the delicate areas ofthe skin. Thus, the patient should be strictly instructed to regulate the quantity of the ointment used, avoid application of the ointment in the areas adjoining the eyes, the nose and the mouth and ensure that the ointment does not get into the nose, mouth and the eyes. It is also necessary to ensure that the patient’ does not use so less a quantity of the ointment that it does not produce the desired clinical effect. The patient should be instructed to use the quantity of the ointment which produces a mild degree of scaling and a
slight pinkish erythema, but reduce the quantity of the ointment used if the patient feels discomfort in the skin or develops intense redness. Moreover, retinoic acid canbe applied only at night; it should be washed off during the day, because it often produces photosensitivity if used during daytime.

The other group of drugs which can be used for chloasma are topical corticosteroids, because potent topical corticosteroids are known to lead to a decrease in the colour of the skin on topical applications. The most potent topical corticosteroid- cIobetasolpropionate (0.05 per cent) has the strongest action in reducing the skin colour. One or two applications a day are usually sufficient in chloasma. It is however, necessary to be careful because opical corticosteroids can also lead to atrophy of the epidermis along with telangiectasia and hirsutism, if used for a prolonged period. It would be safe to check the patient at monthly intervals and in case there is evidence of atrophy or telangiectasia, further applications of the corticosteroid should be stopped till the skin has reverted back to its original normal state.

In the most resistant cases all the three drugs-hydroquinone, retinoic acid and topical corticosteroids–can be combined. Each of these agents can be massaged into the skin one after the other, and the sequence of application can be any. Some people mix all the three medicines in equal proportions before applying to the skin, not realising that by mixing equal quantities of three different medicines the concentration of each of the active ingredients is being reduced to one-third of the original concentration. This makes all the three drugs far less effective than ifeach drug is used independently, one after the other. Combining the use of topical corticosteroids with retinoic acid ointinent further helps to reduce the side effects of retinoic acid.

Ahigh proportion of the patients having chloasma also have some general nutritional deficiencies such as anaemia and/ or gastro-intestinal infestations. It therefore, helps to investigate these patients and supplement the treatment described above with iron and vitamin B-complex, and treatment for gastro-intestinal infestations, if any.

Children Protection from Skin Cancer

Skin plays a vital role in keeping you healthy. Skin cancer generally develops in the epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, so a tumor is usually clearly visible. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. More than 500,000 new cases are reported each year-and the incidence is rising faster than any other type of cancer. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. They usually form on the head, face, neck, hands and arms. The annual rates of all forms of skin cancer are increasing each year, representing a growing public concern. The most common types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) which may be locally disfiguring but are unlikely to spread to other parts of the body. The most dangerous type is malignant melanoma. This form of skin cancer can be fatal if not treated early but comprises only a small proportion of all skin cancers. Skin cancer can look many different ways. The most common sign of skin cancer is a change on the skin, such as a growth or a sore that won’t heal.Skin cancer may also appear as a flat red spot that is rough or scaly. 

Sometime there may be a small lump. This lump can be smooth, shiny and waxy looking, or it can be red or reddish brown.  Basal cell carcinoma usually looks like a raised, smooth, pearly bump on the sun-exposed skin of the head, neck or shoulders. Sometimes small blood vessels can be seen within the tumor. Malignant melanoma is usually signaled by a change in the size, shape, or color of an existing mole, or as a new growth on normal skin. Squamous cell carcinoma also can spread internally. The sun is responsible for over 90 percent of all skin cancers, including BCCs, which occur most frequently on the sun-exposed areas of the body: face, ears, neck, scalp, shoulders and back. All three types of skin cancer are on the rise — but most skin cancers can be prevented by limiting or avoiding exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and by paying attention to suspicious changes in your skin. Skinned individuals who sunburn easily and tan minimally or not at all have a higher incidence of skin cancer than dark-skinned individuals.

Skin cancer affects people of all skin tones, including those with darker complexions. Protecting children from sun overexposure should be the goal of all parents. This protection doesn’t mean complete avoidance of sun light. Children sun-protection do not require very complicate actions or procedures. It only means to avoid artificial and natural ultraviolet light sources by proper use of sunscreens, shade or sun-protection gear.According to ultraviolet intensity levels the sun precautions or actions include sunglasses, sunscreens, physical protection (hats, umbrellas) and sun avoidance in case of very high intensity. Sunscreen can be considered as a protection against sunrays, but it is not a complete protection option for protecting the skin of the children. Sunscreen provides the protection only for sometime by blocking the rays of sun from falling on the skin. Due to environmental changes, excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation is a growing health concern for children.

Children Protection from Skin Cancer Tips

1. Reducing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, especially in early years.

2. Avoiding sun exposure during the day ,when the sun is highest in the sky.

3. Wearing protective clothing (long sleeves and hats) when outdoors.

4. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB radiation.

5. Use SPF sun block of at least 30. 

6. Use sunglasses that state they protect from 100 percent of UVA and UVB (broad-spectrum).

7. Use lip balm that has a SPF rating of at least 15.

Vitamins for Healthy Skin

Skin is the barrier between our bodies and the environment.  Taking care of the skin means different things to different people. Your skin is the largest organ of your body. It requires proper nutrition to function properly. Just like every other part of your body. Some people tend to find excuses that they are not able to look after their skin, owing to their busy hectic work schedule. There are people who are blessed with good skin, but even they need to make an effort to nourish their skin on a regular basis, so as to maintain that glow. Many vitamins and minerals help maintain healthy skin by maintaining strong circulation that supplies nutrients and oxygen to the skin and removes waste products. Some nutrients contribute to cell growth and cell maintenance and deactivate free radical compounds that damage the skin and can possibly cause cancer. Several nutrients like vitamin E, vitamin C and selenium might prevent skin damage due to exposure to the sun’s UV rays. Vitamin A and beta-carotene may also help protect against skin cancer. These supplements may also help in wound healing. Vitamin E is recommended for use topically to treat burns. Omega-3 fish oil has been shown to help in the treatment of eczema and psoriasis. Supplementation of zinc may be an effective treatment for acne since it aids in the normal functioning of the oil producing glands of the skin.

Skin care is about protecting your skin from the harmful effects of water, wind and sun. Vitamin A compounds include retinal, retinol, and the carotenoids. Vitamin A strengthens the protective tissue of the skin and prevents acne. Vitamin A is essential for, among other things, vision (especially night vision), regulation of cell development, immunity and healthy skin. Vitamin A is also a powerful antioxidant needed to rid your body of toxins. The B vitamins help to maintain healthy skin tone. They are also helpful in relieving anxiety and stress. Stress can be a major player in causing acne. The B vitamins should always be taken together. The vitamins in the B complex are Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin (Nicotinic Acid, Niacinamide), Pantothenic Acid, Pyridoxine and Cyanocobalamin. Vitamin C is another “super vitamin”. It is an antioxidant that is required for at least 300 metabolic functions in the body, including tissue growth and repair.Vitamin C protects against infection and enhances immunity. Bioflavanoids have an antibacterial effect. Vitamin C and E has been known to improve moisturization, softness and smoothness and also provide modest photoprotection.  Free radicals gobble up collagen and elastin, the fibers that support skin structure, causing wrinkles and other signs of aging.

Many skin conditions can be prevented or successfully treated by using vitamins either orally or topically. Niacin is important in the maintenance of healthy skin. Vitamin K  nutrient responsible for helping blood clot. Pantothenic Acid is treats painful, burning feet. Vitamin B5 is a water soluble, B Complex vitamin.  B5 also plays a role in tissue generation, creation of antibodies and the healing processes. Vitamin b-2 is necessary for proper skin balance. Too little of it causes the face to be oily. This vitamin aids in healing cracks and sores of the mouth and lips. Even doctors quite frequently prescribe vitamin B-2 for their patients who appear in their office with this painful condition.Vitamin b-6 helps to treat dermatitis as well as a vast array of other skin eruptions and rashes. If your skin is dry, prone to inflammation, and frequently dotted with white heads and black heads, you may be lacking essential fatty acids, nutrients that are crucial to the production of skin’s natural oil barrier. Some supplements are applied topically. For an example, vitamin E is often applied to wounds and scars to hasten healing. Vitamin D can be absorbed through the skin when you are exposed to the sun, and as was stated before, vitamin A is available in a variety of topical preparations.

How to Treat Herpes Completely

Herpes is a common viral infection. It can spread from person to person through skin-to-skin contact. It causes oral herpes (cold sores or fever blisters), and genital herpes (genital sores or sores below the waist). There are two herpes simplex viruses first is Herpes Simplex Type 1 (HSV-1)and secod is herpes Simplex Type 2 (HSV-2).  Both types of the virus can be transmitted through direct contact. Cold sores around the mouth are usually caused by HSV1. Cold sores — also called fever blisters. Cold sores is attacks the skin and nervous system. Cold sores are common. Though you can’t cure or prevent cold sores, you can take steps to reduce their frequency and to limit the duration of an occurrence. When the virus is activated, it travels back to the skin, causing a tingling sensation. When the sore appears. Cold sores can be painful. Initial symptoms can include mouth soreness, fever, sore throat, or swollen lymph glands. Small children sometimes drool before a cold sore appears. After the blisters develop, cold sores usually break open, weep clear fluid, and then crust over and disappear after several days to a week. Other symptoms may include muscle aches, eating difficulties, a generally ill feeling, irritability, and swollen neck glands. These symptoms can last from 3 to 2 weeks. Many things trigger attacks: colds and flu, menstrual periods, emotional upset, fatigue, bright sunlight and cold winds.

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that can be transferred from one person to another through any type of sexual contact. Genital herpes is an infection of the genitals, buttocks, or anal area. Genital herpes causes blisters or groups of small ulcers (open sores) on and around the genitals in both men and women. Genital herpes caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). Most genital herpes is caused by HSV-2. Most people get genital herpes by having sex with someone who is shedding the herpes virus either during an outbreak or during a period with no symptoms. People who do not know they have herpes play an important role in transmission. About 45 million Americans, age 12 and older have genital herpes. It’s estimated that up to one million people become infected each year. The symptoms of genital herpes vary from person to person. Some people have severe symptoms, such as many painful sores, while others have mild symptoms. Genital herpes symptoms may include is Small, red bumps, blisters (vesicles) or open sores (ulcers) in the genital, anal and nearby areas. An initial outbreak of genital herpes usually brings about symptoms within two weeks of having sexual contact with an infected person and can last from two to three weeks. Once exposed to the virus, there is an incubation period that generally lasts 3 to 7 days before a lesion develops.

Treatment Herpes Completely Tips
1. H-Balm and H-Balm Daily are all natural Certified Organic topical herpes treatments proven to inactivate and destroy the herpes virus

2. There are several prescription antiviral medications for controlling herpes outbreaks, including aciclovir (Zovirax), valaciclovir (Valtrex), famciclovir (Famvir), and penciclovir.

3. Zilactin is an early relief cold sore/fever blister gel that works by applying the gel, which when dry forms a “shield” to prevent the sore from increasing in size and prevents spreading by breakage or oozing during the healing process.

4. Cimetidine, a common component of heartburn medication, has been shown to lessen the severity of herpes zoster outbreaks in several different instances, and offered some relief from herpes simplex.
5. Keep the infected area clean and dry to prevent other infections from developing.

6. Try to avoid touching the sores.

7. Wash your hands after contact with the sores.

8. Avoid sexual contact from the time you first feel any symptoms until the sores are completely healed, that is, the scab has fallen off and new skin has formed where the sore was.

9. Do not have oral genital contact in the presence of any symptoms or findings of oral herpes.

10 .Using barriers such as condoms during sexual activity may decrease transmission, but transmission can occur even if condoms are used correctly. Condoms may not cover all infected areas.

Types of Skin Infection

Skin has the largest surface area of all of the body organs and is the most exposed organ. Humans are natural hosts for many bacterial species that colonize the skin as normal flora. Skin infections are common and may be caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses. Bacterial skin infections are common and some are self-limited. Bacterial skin infections caused by corynebacteria include erythrasma, trichomycosis axillaris and pitted keratolysis. Bacteria such as some Staphylococcus species, Corynebacterium spp., Brevibacterium spp and Acinetobacter live on normal skin and cause no harm. Propionibacteria live in the hair follicles of adult skin and contribute to acne. Predisposing factors to infection include minor trauma, preexisting skin disease, poor hygiene, and, rarely, impaired host immunity. Bacterial skin infections include erythrasma and related diseases, impetigo, ecthyma, folliculitis, erysipelas and cellulitis. While there are certainly other bacterial skin infections, they are either uncommon or result from systemic illness.

Impetigo is a bacterial skin infection. It is often called school sores because it most often affects children. Impetigo may be caught from someone else with impetigo or boils, or appear out of the blue. It is quite contagious. Impetigo affects approximately 1% of children. Two clinical types of impetigo exist: nonbullous and bullous impetigo. The nonbullous type is more common and typically occurs on the face and extremities. Bullous impetigo, almost exclusively caused by S aureus, exhibits flaccid bullae with clear yellow fluid that rupture and leave a golden-yellow crust. The infection is carried in the fluid that oozes from the blisters. Rarely, impetigo may form deeper skin ulcers. Some bacteria invade normal skin or wounds (causing wound infection). Bacteria, like viruses, may also sometimes result in exanthems (rashes). The goal is to cure the infection and relieve the symptoms. A mild infection may be treated with a prescription antibacterial cream. More severe cases may require antibiotics, taken by mouth. Wash the skin several times a day, preferably with an antibacterial soap, to remove crusts and drainage. For most patients with impetigo, topical treatment is adequate, either with Polysporin bacitracin or mupirocin (Bactroban), applied three times a day for 7 to 10 days. Systemic therapy may be necessary for patients with extensive disease.

Ecthyma is a skin infection similar to impetigo. Staphylococcus bacteria causes this skin infection.  EG may affect patients of any age, although it is commonly reported in infants and elderly patients due to underdeveloped and/or compromised immune systems. Infection may start at the site of an injury with preexisting tissue damage such as scratch, insect bites, dermatitis or excoriations. It occurs when the infection penetrates deep into the dermis, the skin’s second layer, causing painful, itchy sores that develop into pus- or fluid-filled ulcers with hard grayish yellow crusts. The ulcers may cause permanent scarring. Lymph nodes in the affected area may swell. Ecthyma lesion usually begins as a vesicle (small blister) or pustule on an inflamed area of skin. A hard crust that is harder and thicker than the crust of impetigo soon covers this. With difficulty, the crust can be removed to reveal an indurated ulcer that may be red, swollen and oozing with pus. Lesions may stay fixed in size and sometimes resolve spontaneously without treatment, or they may gradually enlarge to a sore of 0.5-3 cm in diameter. The main symptom of ecthyma is a small blister with a red border that may be filled with pus. After the blister goes away, a crusty ulcer appears. Placing a warm wet cloth over the area can help remove ulcer crusts. Drugs Topical mupirocin ointment is very effective. Penicillin should be adequate to treat Streptococci. Surgical Gently debride the crusts

Folliculitis is  of skin infection. Folliculitis starts when hair follicles are damaged by friction from clothing, blockage of the follicle, or shaving. Folliculitis occurs when Staphylococcus bacteria. Most infections are superficial, and although they may itch, they’re seldom painful. A more extensive folliculitis of the sebaceous gland (the oily secreting glands) with some involvement of subcutaneous tissues is termed a furuncle (or boil).  Tinea barbae is similar to barber’s itch, but the infection is caused by a fungus. Pseudofolliculitis barbae is a disorder occurring primarily in black men. If curly beard hairs are cut too short, they may curve back into the skin and cause inflammation. The signs and symptoms of folliculitis vary, depending on the type of infection. In superficial forms of the disorder, small pimples develop around one or more hair follicles. Anyone can develop folliculitis, but certain factors make you more susceptible to the condition. Medical conditions that reduce your resistance to infection, such as diabetes, chronic leukemia, organ transplantation and HIV/AIDS. Obesity — folliculitis is more common in people who are overweight. Hot moist compresses may promote drainage of extensive folliculitis. Treatment may include antibiotics applied to the skin (mupirocin) or taken by mouth (dicloxacillin), or antifungal medications to control the infection. Herpetic folliculitis responds to valacyclovir, famciclovir, or acyclovir.

Erysipelas is a bacterial infection of the skin. Erysipelas caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (bacteria). Erysipelas is also known as St. Anthony’s Fire. Bacterial inoculation into an area of skin trauma is the initial event in developing erysipelas. Erysipelas may affect both children and adults. The risk factors associated with this infection include a cut in the skin, skin ulcers, and problems with the drainage through the veins or lymph system. People with immune deficiency, diabetes, alcoholism, skin ulceration, fungal infections and impaired lymphatic drainage (e.g., after mastectomy, pelvic surgery, bypass grafting) are also at increased risk. In the past, the face was most commonly involved site of infection, yet now accounts for only up to 20% of cases. The legs are affected in up to 80% of cases. Symptoms and signs of erysipelas are usually abrupt in onset and often accompanied by general illness in the form of fevers, chills and shivering. Affected skin is distinguished from other forms of cellulitis by a well-defined, raised border. The affected skin is red, swollen and may be finely dimpled (like an orange skin). It may be blistered. Bleeding into the skin may cause purpura (purple patches). Treatment for adults is with antibiotics usually a penicillinase – resistant penicillin, cephalosporin, or erythromycin IV or oral depending on the sensitivity. For children less than 3 years old prompt treatment with IV cephalosporins i.e. ceftriaxone is indicated

Cellulitis is an infection of the skin. Cellulitis appears as a swollen, red area of skin that feels hot and tender, and it may spread rapidly. Cellulitis caused by infection with staphylococcus, streptococcus. Cellulitis may progress to serious illness by uncontrolled spread contiguously or via the lymphatic or circulatory systems. Symptoms and signs are usually localised to the affected area but patients can become generally unwell with fevers, chills and shakes. Cellulitis is most common on the lower legs and the arms or hands, although other areas of the body may sometimes be involved. If it involves the face (erysipelas), medical attention is urgent. People with fungal infections of the feet, who have skin cracks in the webspaces between the toes, may have cellulitis that keeps coming back, because the cracks in the skin offer an opening for bacteria. Cellulitis is also a common complication of obesity. Cellulitis is also extremely prevalent amongst dense populations sharing hygiene facilities and common living quarters. Military installations which require communal showers provide such an environment, as it is prevalent among many recruits going through boot camp. Most patients can be treated with oral antibiotics at home, usually for 5 to 10 days. Oral antibiotics used commonly are penicillin, flucloxacillin, cefuroxime or erythromycin. The usual intravenous antibiotics used are penicillin-based antibiotics (e.g. penicillin G or flucloxacillin) or cephalosporins (e.g. cefotaxime or cefazolin) for a few days. Bed rest and elevation of affected limbs is also recommended

How to Exfoliate

Take a little bit of the exfoliating cream, gel or scrub suited for your skin type and gently rub it on your already cleansed face.
Lightly rub the mixture all over your face avoiding the eyes and the area around the lips. Rub for only about ten seconds to avoid irritation.
Rinse with warm water, until you cannot feel the grains.